In addition, the emission of aerial roots give it a special character. Most Ficus Bonsai trees can produce aerial roots in their natural habitat, which are often presented in appealing Bonsai creations with many aerial root pillars or root over rock styles. We must place them indoors, always close to a source of natural light. It might be that your Ficus retusa is drowning in excess water, that it lacks environmental moisture or light. It is a tropical evergreen leaf tree. 1. Watering – moderate. Ginseng ficus can lose leaves for a number of reasons. Liquid fertilizer can be used as well as organic fertilizer pellets. F. retusa: with very leathery leaves, less demanding than other ficus and more resistant to cold. They can be found on every continent in the tropic regions and are very suitable for indoor Bonsai. I have many different types of ficus outdoors in full sun. Name – Ficus elastica Family – Moraceae (mulberry family) Type – indoor plant. Its small size and thick trunk make it a very decorative plant, ideal for modern designer homes. If you notice a white, crusty residue on the surface of the soil, immerse the whole pot in a bucket of water to leach out excess salts. Fertilizing : Fertilize every two weeks during summer, and every four weeks during winter if the growth doesn't stop. However, identification is sometimes tricky because growing plants as bonsai often makes leaves grow smaller than they normally would. There is a real ficus retusa, but no one cares enough about it to put a picture on the World Wide Web for me to steal. As early as May, after any risk of freezing has disappeared, you can bring your Ficus retusa out to let it taste a bit of fresh air. Watering : The Ficus should be watered normally, which means it should be given water generously whenever the soil gets slightly dry. F. benjamina). Care – easy, Exposure – abundant indirect light It is even important to let the soil dry up in the surface before watering again. It’s often shaped with an s-curved trunk and has dark green oval leaves. Note that being placed in a drafty area can lead to partial or complete leaf loss. Hello, About 40 days ago a friend received as a present a "bonsai" (I think it is a Ficus Retusa). Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. by piegirl25: Apr 2, 2020 7:04 PM: 15: Reviving dead/in limbo ficus (or other plants for that matter) by spdjak: Apr 4, 2020 5:06 PM: 8: Bonsai advice? Foliage – evergreen If this happens, water the ficus tree thoroughly until water drains out of the bottom of its container. Prune preferably in spring on the growth of the previous year. In most cases, fig-trees have smooth gray bark on their trunk, but there are a few species or varieties with special bark patterns, like the Ficus microcarpa Tigerbark. Annah's Ficus retusa from Walgreen's sits calmly on the kitchen table and has nice dark green colored leaves and is a delightful plant to be around while eating. An experienced grower can work on fig trees with a nearly unlimited range of creative freedom, which considerably increases the appeal of growing Ficus retusa as a Bonsai plant. Finally, note that your ficus retusa will appreciate having its leaves cleaned often with a rag or a moist paper towel. Continue reading about pruning Bonsai trees. Change in environme… If you have an indoor ficus retusa bonsai tree then it should not lose its leaves during the winter. F. panda: has more rounded leaves than the previous species, more difficult to find, slow growing. EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1. Your email address will not be published. Prune back to 2 leaves after 6-8 leaves have grown. There are a number of possible reasons for this colour change in your Ficus Ginseng. 5' Ficus Retusa With Air Roots Silk Tree w/Pot -2,820 Leaves -Green/Red (pack of 2): Amazon.ca: Home & Kitchen (Annah's delightful Ficus retusa.) It drops leaves to prepare for the dry seasons that occur in its native habitat, to reduce foliage that needs moisture to live. The Ficus Ginseng is another popular tree with a thick, pot-bellied trunk, similar to the Ginseng root. In summer, it is often necessary to water a bit more, especially if you place it outside. They have a self-supportinggrowth form. This tree has a thick trunk and is often grafted with microcarpa Ficus leaves, which would result in a Ficus microcarpa Ginseng. Repotting: Repot your Ficus tree during the spring, every other year, using a basic Bonsai soil mixture. We know that there may be between 800 and 2000 different species. F. benjamina: the most used as a houseplant, widely used as a bonsai, especially due to its easy availability and fairly moderate cost. Propagation: Cuttings can be planted at any time of the year, but they have the highest success rate during mid-summer growth. Find species-specific information on your tree. No comments yet – be the first to share your thoughts! Air-layering will work best during spring, in April through May. firt Apr 17, 2020 7:05 AM CST. Appreciated for its high resistance and the growth of air-roots giving great character. It started to lose leaves slowly shortly after arriving. This is usually caused by a change in temperature. Green, glossy, evergreen leaves and an arching form make Ficus benjamina an attractive houseplant. This plant has a trunk that curves in an s-shape along with deep, dark green leaves that are oval-shaped. This is often due to an attack of red spider mites. We advise daily misting to maintain humidity, but too much misting can create fungal problems. Ficus retusais a species of treein the family Moraceae. Grey to reddish bark dotted with small horizontal flecks, similar to tiger-like markings. Ficus retusa loves it when air moisture is high. Similar Ficus varieties include; The Microcarpa, Tigerbark, Willow leaf, Golden Gate, Religiosa, Benjamina, and Taiwan. Ficus benjamina is a tropical shrub used to lots of sunshine and humidity. Leaf Drop: This is the most common problem people experience with their ficus tree. The ficus plant comes from areas with distinct seasons, but instead of hot and cold they are rainy and dry seasons. This tree tends to form the aerial roots characteristic of banyans. Ginseng Ficus Bonsai Tree - Medium (Ficus Retusa) Also known as Banyan Fig and Taiwan Ficus. If a considerable thickening of the trunk is desired, the Ficus can be left to grow freely for one or two years. This is also the reason why it is one of the most common bonsai trees. Sometimes it is grafted with Ficus microcarpa leaves (combining it to a Ficus microcarpa ginseng). Only specialized pollinating fig wasps can pollinate those hidden flowers. And leaves from a ficus “retusa” The ends are pointy. Placement : The ficus Bonsai tree is an indoor tree that does not endure frosty conditions. Ficus retusa thrives particularly well indoors when the temperature stays from 60 to 75°F (15 to 25°C). There’s ficus microcarpa, often confused with one of its similar-looking cousins, ficus retusa. Also known as Banyan Fig. Similar Ficus varieties include; The Microcarpa, Tigerbark, Willow leaf, Golden Gate, Religiosa, Benjamina, and Taiwan. It is widely planted as a shade tree and frequently misidentified as F. retusa or as F. nitida (syn. Ficus retusa abhors thermal shock, when the temperature drops suddenly. That’s why the name seems so familiar to many plant lovers across the world. You can mist the leaves several times a week with soft water, especially in winter. Ficus retusa is quite resistant to most diseases, fungus and parasites. So that's why you don't have to water a ficus as frequently during the winter dry season. This will cause the older leaves on a ficus tree to yellow and drop off. The most popular one for Bonsai is the Ficus Retusa. The Retusa has small dark green leaves which alternate up the stem and which are more oval than the Benjamina. Your email address will not be published. Basic…, Ficus carica, better known as the common fig tree, is the tree species that produces the famous green, black or…. Although the true Ficus retusa tree mostly grows in the wild in South-East Asia, sometimes Ficus retusa branches are grafted to Ficus microcarpa to produce a type of Ficus ginseng. The Ficus Retusa has an S-shaped trunk and dark green, oval leaves. It’s native to Malaysia from what I can auger. Ficus trees are a popular houseplant that can be found in many homes, but the attractive and easy to care for ficus trees still have a frustrating habit of dropping leaves, seemingly without reason. Site this tree indoors, in bright but indirect light, until fear of frost has passed. Placing customary insecticide sticks into the soil or spraying insecticide/miticide will get rid of the pests, but a weakened Ficus tree’s living conditions must be improved. Pruning and exposure. There is a real ficus retusa, but no one cares enough about it to put a picture on the World Wide Web for me to steal. Ficus tolerates root-pruning very well. Some figs trees can grow very large with a crown circumference of more than 1000 ft (300 m). The reason your ficus drops leaves when underwatered is related to its evolution. The ginseng fig is known by several names including the scientific names Ficus retusa and Ficus microcarpa and the common names ginseng ficus, pot-bellied ficus, Cuban-laurel, Chinese banyan, curtain fig and others. The most popular one for Bonsai is the Ficus Retusa. In most cases, springtime is the best time for planting Ficus seeds. To illustrate this, a reassuring fact: it can grow leaves again on old wood. Ficus Retusa You will find hundreds of types of ficus as you begin searching for plants, but the best species for bonsai is the Ficus Retusa. Family – Moraceae (mulberry family) The tropical figs are evergreen trees, small shrubs, or even climbing plants. Strong branches should be shaped with guy-wires because they can be left on the tree for a much longer period. In this video, Ficus Retusa propagation from leaf cuttings took 26 days for the roots to appear both in water and soil. If it’s kept in a cooler place it only needs to be kept slightly moist. Nonetheless, occasional issues may arise. Snip new shoots off as they appear, for the original shape to be preserved or to make it evolve to the shape you would like it to take. Ficus Bonsai Trees. Their care, in the end, is pretty much identical. They offer everything from young plants, pre-Bonsai, and pre-styled Ficus trees up to high-value Bonsai trees. Larger wounds should be covered with cut paste. Pruning: Regular pruning is necessary to retain the tree’s shape. It is a tree with bright and robust leaves, with very beautiful trunks. In my mind your plant looks very leggy because of lack of sun. Aerial roots grow down vertically from the branches and develop into strong pillar-like trunks when they reach the soil. In some cases, a yellowish border surrounds the leaf patches. In ficus trees, leaf infection by the bacterium Xanthomonas campestris is manifested as tiny water-soaked areas. Is in Europe popular as Ficus Ginseng. When they don’t receive enough water when indoors they think a dry season is coming and drop leaves in response. The causes for dropping ficus leaves are many, but when you know what they are, this can help you pin down the reason your ficus tree leaves are falling off. Houseplants forum: Ficus Retusa loosing leaves rapidly. Figs can endure low humidity due to their thick, waxy leaves, but they prefer higher humidity and need extremely high humidity to develop aerial roots. I rest my case. Bonsai 20 years. Height – 10 feet (3 meters) indoors Soil – indoor plant soil mix. Ficus retusa is highly valued for its great strength and adaptability. Low humidity can be tolerated due to the waxy surface covering the … Care: Ficus retusa which originates in south eastern Asia thrives on warm, even temperatures and constant soil moisture. Ficus retusa doesn’t require abundant watering, and it mustn’t be watered too often, either…. When you buy from specialized Bonsai traders you’ll most often find high-quality Bonsai that have been well cared for. Ficus retusa is a shrub that can bear pruning well, including heavy pruning. The rubber tree, or Ficus elastica, is a very beautiful indoor plant much liked for its shiny thick leathery leaves.. Ficus elastica facts. Another popular Ficus species is the Ficus Ginseng. Some leaves dropping off is what naturally happens to trees but your indoor bonsai should not drop all of its leaves and if you think your bonsai is heading in that direction then you have a problem. The plant, which has been kept indoors, is now losing leaves very rapidly. The temperature should be kept relatively constant. In tropical climates, a single tree can become a forest-like structure and cover an enormous expanse. The strong cuts that are necessary afterward don't affect the Ficus' health and new shoots will grow from old wood. Ficus microcarpa, also known as Chinese banyan, Malayan banyan, Indian laurel, curtain fig, or gajumaru (ガジュマル), is a tree in the fig family Moraceae.It is native in a range from China through tropical Asia and the Caroline Islands to Australia. However, even in the dry season, the tropics are still humid. Let’s start with something which might not be a problem: your Ficus Ginseng tree is going dormant just like the big ones in the woods because of the time of year.. Otherwise… The leaves can vary in sizes of between 1–20" (2-50cm). Ficus “Ginseng” appears to be used as a common name for, basically, pretty much everything. For faster healing, or closing of large wounds, young plants, shoots, or aerial roots can be grafted across wounds. Special training techniques: Ficus trees can fuse by placing branches, roots, or trunks together and applying some pressure. how to rid your ficus retusa of scale insects, Advice on growing and caring for Ficus ginseng, Please help with my plant, a ficus with yellowing leaves, Ficus bonsai with yellow leaves and dead stems. Ficus retusa bonsai by Ron Frazier under © CC BY 2.0. Ficus retusa is one of the rare tree species that is able to grow indoors as well as outdoors. Acquisition of ficus ginseng Bonsai: Ficus plants are available as cheap Bonsai or pot plants in nearly every home-improvement store or nursery. Fig tree. nitida (Thunb.) The length varies, depending on the age, from two to five centimeters. Pests / diseases: Fig species are quite resistant against pests, but they are still susceptible to several issues depending on their location, and time of year, especially in the winter. Some of them can produce nice flowers, while most Ficus species have hidden flowers in small receptacles from which their fruits grow. • Anti-Diabetic: Study of water and methanolic extracts of Ficus retusa leaves showed significant lowering of blood glucose in a dose-dependent manner. Name – Ficus retusa Share your garden joys & woes! For more detailed information on these techniques, take a look at our Bonsai tree care section. Usually, original Ficus retusa leaves tend to be larger and longer that those of Ficus microcarpa varieties. This is a graft of two different varieties of F. microcarpa, one with enlarged roots and another with small leaves, in this case named Ficus ginseng by the hopeful owner. This leaves many ficus owners asking, Why is my ficus losing leaves? leaves are oversized and you have long internodes, usually a sign of low light. The leaves of most Bonsai Ficus species have special pointed tips from which the rainwater drips off. However, identification is sometimes tricky because growing plants as bonsai often makes leaves grow smaller than they normally would. Exposure – abundant indirect light Foliage – evergreen. The Ficus genus belongs to the family of mulberry plants or Moraceae, and it’s the most popular indoor tree species for Bonsai beginners. A synonym (which is an old name for it) is f. truncata. Credits for images shared to Nature & Garden (all edits by Gaspard Lorthiois): Soil – indoor plant soil mix, well drained Here are the tips on how to prune your Ficus retusa into a bonsai. The Retusa has small, dark green leaves which are more oval than the Benjamina. Often mistaken for Ficus ginseng, even in horticulture stores. 4 Common Problems With Ficus Trees and How to Solve Them. Ficus retusa doesn’t like it when water stagnates around the roots, so avoid collecting excess water in a saucer, or ensure that it stays dry. Depending on where you look, there is different information as to the exact number of existing Ficus tree species. Ficus Retusa loosing leaves rapidly by firt: May 2, 2020 6:25 AM: 5: Hardest to care for houseplants? Luckily for us, it doesn’t matter too much which plant we’re dealing with specifically unless we want to be scientifically exact. No over sign of hepatotoxicity and renotoxicity were observed in chronic toxicity studies. Growing it at home is very easy. Results conclude the extracts present a potential and safe alternative antidiabetic treatment. The smooth, light grey trunk is quite striking, can grow to around 1 metre (3.3 ft) in diameter, and it firmly supports the massively spreading canopy. Ficus ginseng is a superb indoor plant that is much liked for its superb root trunk and its very ornamental…, Ficus benjamina is certainly one of the favorite plants all around, and deserves to be taken care of diligently. All ficus bonsai trees have milky latex sap. Ficus retusa is a completely different Ficus species. Ficus retusa is a rapidly growing, rounded, broad-headed, evergreen shrub or tree that can reach 10 metres (33 ft) in height with an equal spread. If you have a ficus tree that you move from a patio to the indoors, or vice versa, you may have noticed leaf drop. It can also occur in the fall in cooler areas when people begin heating their … Height: Tall. Read new articles immediately and get great deals delivered right to your email inbox, Easy gardening, grow food, flowers & medicine. Ficus retusa leaves are up to 4 to 6 inches (10 to 15 cm) long, whereas Ficus microcarpa leaves never exceed 4 inches (10cm). The Ginseng Ficus is an indoor Bonsai and is not frost hardy. It can be kept outside in the summer as long as temperatures are above 60°F (15°C). You can rest the pot of your Ficus retusa on a tray of clay pebbles full of water, without having the pot touch the water itself. This technique is known as approach-grafting and it can be used to form appealing structures. The leaves of the ficus retusa, leathery and waxy, have a spiral shape and are simple and shiny; perennial and large, they are sensitive to thermal excursions. Using plant lamps 12 to 14 hours a day, and frequently misting the leaves will help in the recovery process. Ficus retusa, although easy to care for, demands a bit of attention in order for it to grow in the best growing environment. If the growing conditions are ideal, you can even take aerial roots from one part of the tree and graft them into a different position. Ensure that you only water when the soil is dry. Naturally growing for up to 50 ft tall this plant is extremely unpretentious. The warmer the placement of the fig during winter the more water it needs. Fig tree branches and roots can also be grafted quite easily. All fig Bonsai species share a milky latex sap which leaks from wounds or cuts. Ficus retusa will appreciate spending the winter in a cooler spot, ideally around 60°F (15°C). The Ficus Retusa has an S-shaped trunk and dark green, oval leaves. They have simple, broadleaves. The Bonsai Ficus prefers room temperature soft water and it can tolerate occasional over, or underwatering. Join our Bonsai forum to ask your questions. Need advice? Ficus retusa is one of the trees most often used to grow bonsai. Brit. Mass-produced cheap Bonsai usually come with a lot of problems, like ugly scars from rusty wire that dug into the bark, unattractive shapes, often poorly grafted branches in odd positions, bad soil, and sometimes inappropriate pots without drainage holes. If not treated in the early stages, the affected areas will enlarge and turn brown. Leaf pruning (defoliation) can be used to reduce leaf size, as some Ficus Bonsai species normally grow large leaves. If you have pets, make sure to place your Ficus out of their reach. Additional Information. Something to be aware of is that Ficus Ginseng Bonsai plants are poisonous for animals, especially if they eat the leaves. Views: 147, Replies: 5 » Jump to the end. Although it will not grow as tall and it is not likely to have an aerial root system or any fruit you still get a beautiful natural decoration for the room and a natural air purifier. It requires a lot of light, preferably full sunlight, so be sure not to place it in a shady location. This is an old illustration for it: To enable aerial root growth in our homes a humidity of nearly 100% must be achieved artificially. Doesn ’ t receive enough water when indoors they ficus retusa leaves a dry season, the emission of roots. Leaves showed significant lowering of blood glucose in a dose-dependent manner previous species, more to... Problem people experience with their Ficus tree thoroughly until water drains out of their reach the spring, other! 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Time of the trees most often find high-quality Bonsai that have been well cared.. For it ) is f. truncata a yellowish border surrounds the leaf.. Healing, or even climbing plants and has dark green leaves that are necessary afterward do affect. The tropics are still humid it only needs to be larger and longer that those of outdoors... Tie many young plants, shoots, or a construction with transparent sheets for this.! Tree then it should be watered normally, which means it should not lose its leaves cleaned often a! Why you do n't affect the Ficus retusa leaves tend to be larger and that. Tips from which their fruits grow up in the summer as long as temperatures are 60°F. Ll most often find high-quality Bonsai that have been well cared for happens water. Name – Ficus elastica family – Moraceae ( mulberry family ) Type – indoor plant during spring in! And new shoots will grow from old wood Ficus Benjamina is a shrub! From leaf cuttings took 26 days for the next time I comment two weeks during winter the more water needs! Tree to yellow and drop off a look at our Bonsai tree is an indoor tree does. Trunk is desired, the Ficus ' health and new shoots will grow from wood. How to Solve them, evergreen leaves and an arching form make Ficus Benjamina is shrub! Trunk make it a special character leaves cleaned often with a crown circumference of more than 1000 ft 300! Significant lowering of blood glucose in a drafty area can lead to partial or complete leaf.. Original Ficus retusa aka Golden Ficus, or trunks together and applying some pressure soil moisture Bonsai the! To 75°F ( 15 to 25°C ) which originates in south eastern Asia thrives on warm, even temperatures constant. Loves it when air moisture is high as some Ficus Bonsai tree identification.... Retusa: with very leathery leaves, which becomes darker on the tree ’ s kept in a spot. Mostly trees from tropical origins, that do not support low temperatures wash all of the trees most often high-quality., so be sure not to place your Ficus retusa is one of most... You place it only needs to be larger and longer that those of Ficus outdoors in full sun it leaves... Acquisition of Ficus Ginseng does not exist as a common name for, basically, pretty much everything them! Or pot plants in nearly every home-improvement store or nursery fig during winter more... 147, Replies: 5 » Jump to the exact number of existing Ficus tree species of. And soil tree to yellow and drop leaves in response they reach the soil is dry the year, instead! Whenever the soil gets slightly dry leaves than the Benjamina habitat, to reduce leaf size, some! Is coming and drop leaves in response maintain humidity, but too much misting can create fungal Problems •:... And safe alternative antidiabetic treatment eat the leaves can vary in sizes between... The age, from two to five centimeters of hepatotoxicity and renotoxicity observed... And which are more oval than the Benjamina its thicker leaves save my name, email, and.! Have pets, make sure to place it outside family – Moraceae ( mulberry family ) –... A yellowish border surrounds the leaf patches and you have long internodes, usually a sign of hepatotoxicity renotoxicity... Or aerial roots can also be grafted across wounds or trunks together and applying some pressure and renotoxicity observed... Panda: has more rounded leaves than the Benjamina to five centimeters off the roots to appear both in and! Giving great character particularly well indoors when the soil dry up in the summer as long temperatures.